This is an example of a Clear Path to the Basket Foul. In order to have a Clear Path Foul, several criteria must be met. These criteria are: (1) The ball must originate in the backcourt, and (2) it must be above the tip of the circle in the backcourt. (3) There must be clear possession by the new offensive team, and (4) there can be no opponent ahead of the play who is, or can establish, a position between the player with the ball and the basket at the time the foul occurred. Lastly (5), the foul itself must be committed from behind or from the side – not the front – of the offensive player. The foul on this play meets all these criteria needed for a Clear Path Foul. Note that the fact that the offensive player was fouled PRIOR to receiving the pass DOES NOT affect the ruling on this play, as the offense is still deemed to have possession, even though the ball is in the air at the time of the foul.