This is an example of a defensive foul, initiated by an offensive player moving into a defender’s outstretched arm. If contact is made when a defender is in this position, even it is initiated by the offensive player, it is a defensive foul, as the defender is responsible for his extended arm. On this play, the defender extends his arm, and as the offensive player rips through with the ball from side-to-side, he makes initial contact with the defensive player’s extended arm during that side-to-side motion, but prior to his upward shooting motion. Unless there is a penalty situation, no free throws will be awarded on a play like this since the offensive player was not yet in the act of shooting. To avoid being assessed a non-shooting foul, the defender must pull his arm back to avoid contact or position it vertically overhead.