This is an example of a Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1. A Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1 is defined as contact that is unnecessary. The defensive player on this play winds up and makes contact above the shoulders of his opponent. This hard contact is made to a vulnerable offensive player and there is a potential for injury. The penalty for a Flagrant 1 is two free throws for the offended player, and his team would also retain possession of the ball. Note also that any called foul that could potentially be ruled flagrant will be reviewed via Instant Replay, to determine if it is a Flagrant 1, a Flagrant 2, a Technical Foul, or a common foul.