This is an example of a Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1. A Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1 is defined as contact that is unnecessary. On this play, the rebounding player in the white uniform will swing his elbow recklessly, and he makes contact with his opponent above the shoulders. This is a dangerous play with high potential for injury, and this would be ruled a Flagrant 1. Any foul that is ruled Flagrant on the court will be reviewed via Instant Replay to determine if it is a Flagrant 1, a Flagrant 2, a Technical Foul, or a common foul. The penalty for a Flagrant 1 is two free throws for the offended player and his team would also retain possession of the ball.