This is an example of a Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1. A Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1 is defined as contact that is unnecessary. On this play, the player in the white uniform DOES NOT have ample room to execute an up-and-over move, yet he recklessly attempts to do so, and in doing so, he makes elbow contact to his opponent above the shoulders. This is a dangerous play with a high potential for injury, and this would be ruled a Flagrant 1. The penalty for a Flagrant 1 is two free throws for the offended player, and his team would also retain possession of the ball. Note also that any called foul that could potentially be ruled flagrant will be reviewed via Instant Replay, to determine if it is a Flagrant 1, a Flagrant 2, a Technical Foul, or a common foul.