This is an example of a Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1. A Flagrant Foul, Penalty 1 is defined as contact that is unnecessary. The defensive player on this play lowers his shoulder into his moving opponent. This is a non-basketball play by the defensive player with hard impact to a vulnerable player. The penalty for a Flagrant 1 is two free throws for the offended player, and his team would also retain possession of the ball. Note also that any called foul that could potentially be ruled flagrant will be reviewed via Instant Replay, to determine if it is a Flagrant 1, a Flagrant 2, a Technical Foul, or a common foul.