Defensive Foul, defender’s arm is not vertical

This is an example of a defensive foul. Defensive players’ arms may not extend over, or into, an offensive player’s body, for if contact is made when a defender is in this position – even if it is initiated by the offensive player – it is a defensive foul. On this play, the defender reaches his arms over the offensive player as the offensive player starts his upward shooting motion, creating contact and thereby drawing the defensive foul.