“This is an example of a defensive foul that occurs prior to the offensive player starting the act of shooting. The defensive player, Mike Conley, grabs the shoulder of the driving offensive player, Fred VanVleet, while he is still dribbling. Because this contact occurred prior to the gather of the ball by the offensive player, and the gather marks the beginning of the continuous shooting motion, this is a non-shooting foul. Note that in order for a foul to be ruled to have occurred in the act of shooting on a drive to the basket, the offensive player must gather the ball and begin his continuous motion to shoot, prior to the foul occurring.”