This is an example of an offensive foul, where the Restricted Area does not apply. The Restricted Area is the area within the arched line on the court below the rim. It applies to secondary defenders and was established to ensure offensive players have room to drive to the basket, without allowing defensive players an unfair advantage in drawing an offensive foul. The Restricted Area does not apply in several situations, one of which is when an offensive player uses an arm to ward off a defender, even if that defender is in the Restricted Area. On this play, the offensive player extends his arm to ward off the defensive player in an effort to create space.